To assist with mission statement development the military's "5Ws" technique provides the Who, the What, the When, the Where and the Why answers essential for all operations. A basic mission statement should be no more then one sentence long and should be clear enough that all members of the group can easily understand the 5Ws and their relationship to each other. Keep the mission statement simple so all members of the group are able to memorize the narrative. The following is an example of a group mission statement.
"Berkely Patriots (the Who) conducts a point reconnaissance (the What) no later than 042300APR13 (the When) of Lord Town at grid coordinate GS33425632 (the Where) to gather information on enemy composition and strength."
For the "Who" of the mission statement identify the group conducting the mission.
For the "What" of the mission statement describe the task to be accomplished.
For the "When" of the mission statement use the Military Date Time Group (DTG) format to ensure there is no confusion on execution time. DTG is based on the following explanation for DDHHMMAPR13: DD - is the day; HHMM - is the time based on the 24-hour clock, beginning at midnight (which is 0000 hours), 1:00 AM is 0100 hours, 2:00 AM is 0200 hours... ; FEB - is the month; and 13 - is the year.
For the "Where" of the mission statement use a grid coordination or an easily identifiable location or terrain feature. .
For the "Why" of the mission statement describe the purpose for conducting the "What."