A camouflage area most overlooked is camouflaging exposed skin. Shooting from the prone or shooting from behind objects exposes your face and hands offering the enemy a signature to target if you do not cover the reflection caused by the skin's oil. Even very dark skin must be covered, because of its natural oils. Camouflage face paint compacts can be purchased with or without insect repellent and offer a wide range of colors (green, loam, sand, white, and black) that can be combined for effective camouflage in any environment. When applying camouflage to your skin, work with another person (a buddy) in order to ensure you are covering all exposed areas. When applying camouflage always apply a two-color combination of camouflage color, or pigment, in an irregular pattern. When applying camouflage to the face always paint the shiny areas (forehead, cheekbones, nose, ears, and chin) with a dark color. Paint shadow areas of the face (around the eyes, under the nose, and under the chin) with a light color. In addition to camouflaging the face, individuals must also paint the exposed skin on the back of the neck, arms, and hands. Palms of hands are not normally camouflaged if arm-and-hand signals are to be used. Remove all jewelry to further reduce shine or reflection. When camouflage sticks or camouflage compacts are not available, use burnt cork (from a wine bottle)bark, charcoal, lamp black/soot, or light-colored mud. The attached table from FM 3-21.75 The Warrior Ethos and Soldier Combat Skills manual provides a quick reference sheet of how to apply camouflage to the face. Applying camouflage is a basic skill that must be practiced in order to ensure proficiency and also to gain a better understanding of what works and what does work for you as an individual. Always carry a camouflage compact or a camouflage stick in your load bearing vest so it is easily accessible.