1. Intelligence - The intelligence warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that facilitate understanding of the enemy, terrain, weather, and civil considerations. It includes those tasks associated with intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. The intelligence warfighting function combines a flexible and adjustable architecture of procedures, personnel, organizations, and equipment to provide commanders with relevant information and products relating to an area’s threat, civil populace, and environment.
2. Movement and Maneuver - The movement and maneuver warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that move forces to achieve a position of advantage in relation to the enemy. It includes those tasks associated with employing forces in combination with direct fire or fire potential (maneuver), force projection (movement), and mobility and countermobility. Movement and maneuver are the means through which commanders concentrate combat power to achieve surprise, shock, momentum, and dominance.
3. Fire Support - The fire support warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that provide collective and coordinated use of Army indirect fires, joint fires, and offensive information operations. It includes those tasks associated with integrating and synchronizing the effects of these types of fires with the other warfighting functions to accomplish operational and tactical objectives.
4. Protection - The protection warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that preserve the force so the commander can apply maximum combat power. Preserving the force includes protecting personnel (combatant and noncombatant), physical assets, and information specific to your organization. The following tasks are included in the protection warfighting function:
- Fratricide avoidance.
- Air and missile defense.
-Counterproliferation and consequence management actions associated with chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosive weapons.
- Defensive information operations.
- Force health protection.
5. Sustainment - The sustainment warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that provide support and services to ensure freedom of action, extend operational reach, and prolong endurance. Sustainment allows uninterrupted operations through adequate and continuous logistical support such as supply systems,maintenance, and other services. Sustainment includes those tasks associated with—
- Field services.
- Explosive ordnance disposal.
- Human resources support.
- Financial management.
- Health service support.
- Religious support.
- Band support.
- Related general engineering.
6. Command and Control (C2) - The command and control warfighting function involves the related tasks and systems that support commanders in exercising authority and direction. It includes the tasks of acquiring friendly information, managing relevant information, and directing and leading subordinates. Command and control has two parts: the commander; and the command and control system. Information systems—including communications systems, intelligence-support systems, and computer networks—back the command and control systems. They let the commander lead from anywhere in their area of operations (AO). Through command and control, the commander initiates and integrates all warfighting functions.