The following elements are common to all patrols.
1. Headquarters Element - The headquarters element normally consists of the patrol leader and his radio operator. The platoon sergeant may be designated as the assistant patrol leader. Combat patrols may include a forward observer and perhaps his radio operator. Any attachments the platoon leader decides that he or the platoon sergeant must control directly are also part of the headquarters element.
2. Aid and Litter Team(s) - Aid and litter teams are responsible for locating, treating, and evacuating casualties.
3. Enemy Prisoner of War/Detainee Team(s) - EPW teams are responsible for controlling enemy prisoners IAW the Five S's (Search, Silence, Segregate, Safeguard, Speed to the rear) and the leader's guidance. These teams may also be responsible for accounting for and controlling detainees or recovered personnel.
4. Surveillance Team(s) - Surveillance teams are used to establish and maintain covert observation of an objective for as long as it takes to complete the patrol’s mission.
5. En-Route Recorder - An en-route recorder can be designated to record all information collected during the mission.
6. Compass and Pace Man - If the patrol does not have access to global positioning systems, or if it is operating in a location where there is no satellite reception, it may be necessary to navigate by dead reckoning. This is done with a compass man and a pace man.
7. Assault Team(s) - Combat patrols designate assault teams to close with the enemy on the objective or to clear the ambush kill zone.
8. Support Team(s) - Combat patrols designate teams to provide direct fire in support of the breach and assault teams.
9. Breach Team(s) and Search Team(s) - Combat patrols have breach teams to assist the assault team in getting to the objective. Search teams are designated to conduct a cursory or detailed search of the objective area.