1. RECONNAISSANCE PATROLS - Snipers normally remain with the security element during reconnaissance patrols. If terrain permits, snipers can provide long-range support to enable the reconnaissance element to patrol farther from the security element. To avoid compromising the reconnaissance element's position, snipers fire only in self-defense or when ordered by the patrol leader. Normally, the only appropriate time to fire at a target of opportunity is when extraction or departure from the position is imminent and firing will not endanger the success of the patrol.
2. RAID PATROLS - How snipers are employed on a raid depends on the time of day and the size of the patrol. When the patrol needs maximum firepower, yet its size is limited, snipers are not employed. However, they might be employed with raid patrols as follows.
a. Security Element - If the patrol needs long-range precision fire, and the patrol size permits, sniper teams might be attached to the raid patrol’s security element. When attached to the security element, the sniper team may provide observation, or may help prevent the enemy from escaping the objective area.
b. Support Element - If appropriate, the sniper team might be attached to the raid patrol’s support element to help provide long-range supporting fires.
c. Stay-Behind Element - It can also help cover the withdrawal of the assault force (raid patrol) to the rally point. When the element withdraws from the rally point, the sniper team may stay behind to delay and harass enemy counteraction or pursuit.
3. AMBUSH PATROLS - During ambushes, snipers are positioned in areas with observation and fields of fire on terrain features the enemy might use for cover after the ambush starts. The snipers' long-range capability allows them to position themselves away from the main body. Sniper fires are coordinated into the fire plan. Once the signal to initiate fires is given, snipers add their fires to those of the rest of the patrols. Snipers shoot leaders, radio operators, and crew-served weapons teams. If the enemy is mounted, the snipers try to kill the drivers of the lead and trail vehicles in order to block the road, prevent escape, and create confusion. Again, snipers may stay behind to cover the withdrawal of the ambush patrol.