Performance Steps - Select a Movement Route Using a Map
1. Select the route that makes the best use of terrain. Use terrain to your benefit. Take advantage of the terrain to:
a. Cover and conceal the unit during movement.
b. Provide maximum effectiveness of the unit's weapons.
2. Use the military aspects of terrain and apply them to any given situation, whether it is a defense, a delay, or a road march behind the Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA). Consider the following essential elements:
a. Use cover and concealment for any type of movement.
• Use cover to shield the unit from the effects of weapon fire, especially direct fire. "Take advantage of every ravine or depression in the ground to protect and cover the force," especially if forward of the FEBA. Evaluate the terrain, the capabilities of the enemy's weapons systems, and the position of known or suspected enemy emplacements. "Visualize a cross section of the terrain and determine where the enemy cannot place effective direct fire on your proposed route."
• Conceal or disguise the unit. "Consider concealment from both air and ground observation." Consider that exhaust smoke or dust can reveal your unit to the enemy.
b. Ensure that your proposed route can be covered by fire from overwatch or fire support positions when moving in an area where contact with the enemy is expected.
• Consider that direct fire weapons must have good observation to fire at known or suspected enemy positions along the movement route. Control the maneuver of your elements, if they make contact. Consider the effects of smoke and dust from friendly and enemy fire.
• Select a route that gives your unit the best field of fire. They must be in a position to provide suppressive fires immediately. Use crew-served weapons to overwatch the movement. Ensure the overwatch element is able to observe the moving element and provide fire support all the way to the objective. Select overwatch positions that have unobstructed fields of fire to the next overwatch position.
3. Ensure that the route can be covered by fire from overwatch or fire support positions. Select the route that provides the most favorable tactical advantage and meets the mission requirements. If enemy air is active or enemy ground forces are in the area of the route, take maximum advantage of cover and concealment. If speed of movement is critical, select the route with the most easily negotiable terrain, avoiding difficult obstacles. Choose the route that provides movement from one easily distinguishable terrain feature to another. Check the terrain based on the above considerations, and then select the quickest and safest route.
4. When available, use special purpose maps and aerial photographs when a planning a route. Such aids provide the most current information.
5. Reconnoiter the route if time is available and the tactical situation permits it.