The Five S’s include:
(1) Search the EPW thoroughly and disarm him.
(2) Silence—require the EPW to be silent.
(3) Segregate the EPW from other EPWs (by sex and rank).
(4) Safeguard the EPW from harm while preventing him from escaping.
(5) Speed the EPW to the designated EPW collection point.
Once the enemy is under friendly control, they assume the protected status of detainee. This is an umbrella term that includes any person captured or otherwise detained by armed force. Under the LOW, leaders and Soldiers are personally responsible for detainees under their control. Mistreatment of EPWs is a criminal offense under the Geneva Convention, AR 190-8, and The 1996 War Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. § 2441). The War Crimes Act makes it a federal crime for any U.S. national, whether military or civilian, to violate the Geneva Convention by engaging in murder, torture, or inhuman treatment.