a. Team Leader (TL) - The team leader leads his team members by personal example. He has authority over his subordinates and overall responsibility for their actions. Centralized authority enables the TL to maintain troop discipline and unity and to act decisively. Under the fluid conditions of close combat, the team leader must accomplish assigned missions using initiative without needing constant guidance from above.
1-78. The team leader’s position on the battlefield requires immediacy and accuracy in all of his actions. He is a fighting leader who leads his team by example. The team leader is responsible for all his team does or fails to do. He is responsible for the care of his team’s men, weapons, and equipment. During operations, the team leader--
• Is the SME on all of the team’s weapons and duty positions and all squad battle drills.
• Leads his team in fire and movement.
• Controls the movement of his team and its rate and distribution of fire.
• Employs digital C2 systems available to the squad and platoon.
• Ensures security of his team’s sector.
• Assists the squad leader as required.
• Is prepared to assume the duties of the squad leader and platoon sergeant.
• Enforces field discipline and PMM.
• Determines his team’s combat load and manages its available classes of supply as required.
• Understands the mission two levels up (squad and platoon).
•When maneuvering the team, the team fights using one of three techniques:
(1) Individual movement techniques (IMT, the lowest level of movement).
(2) Buddy team fire and movement.
(3) Fire team fire and movement (maneuver).
Determining a suitable technique is based on the effectiveness of the enemy’s fire and available cover and concealment. The more effective the enemy’s fire, the lower the level of movement. Because the team leader leads his team, he is able to make this assessment firsthand. Other leaders must be sensitive to the team leader’s decision on movement.
b. Rifleman - The rifleman provides the baseline standard for all Infantrymen and is an integral part of the fire team. He must be an expert in handling and employing his weapon. Placing well-aimed, effective fire on the enemy is his primary capability. Additionally, the rifleman must—
• Be an expert on his weapon system—his rifle, its optics, and its laser aiming device. He must be effective with his weapon system day or night. He must be capable of engaging all targets with well-aimed shots.
• Be able to employ all weapons of the squad, as well as common munitions.
• Be able to construct and occupy a hasty firing position and know how to fire from it. He must know how to quickly occupy covered and concealed positions in all environments and what protection they will provide for him from direct fire weapons. He must be competent in the performance of these tasks while using night vision devices.
• Be able to fight as part of his unit, which includes being proficient in his individual tasks and drills, being able to fight alongside any member of the unit, and knowing the duties of his teammates and be prepared to fill in with their weapons if needed.
• Be able to contribute as a member of special teams to include wire/mine breach teams, EPW search, aid/litter, and demolitions.
• Be able to inform his team leader of everything he hears and sees when in a tactical situation.
• Be able to perform Soldier-level preventive medicine measures (PMM).
• Be able to administer buddy aid as required.
• Be able to manage his food, water, and ammunition during operations.
• Be prepared to assume the duties of the automatic rifleman and team leader.
• Understand the mission two levels up (squad and platoon).
c. Grenadier - The grenadier is currently equipped with an M203 weapon system consisting of an M16/M4 rifle and an attached 40-mm grenade launcher. The grenadier provides the fire team with a high trajectory, high explosive capability out to 350 meters. His fire enables the fire team to achieve complementary effects with high trajectory, high explosive munitions, and the flat trajectory ball ammunition of the team’s other weapons. The grenade launcher allows the grenadier to perform three functions: suppress and destroy enemy Infantry and lightly-armored vehicles with HE or high explosive dual purpose; provide smoke to screen and cover his squad’s fire and movement; and employ illumination rounds to increase his squad’s visibility and mark enemy positions. The grenadier must—
• Be able to accomplish all of the tasks of the rifleman.
• Be able to engage targets with appropriate type of rounds both day and night.
• Identify 40-mm rounds by shape and color. He must know how to employ each type of round and know its minimum safety constraints.
• Know the maximum ranges for each type of target for the grenade launcher.
• Know the leaf sight increments without seeing the markings.
• Know how to make an adjustment from the first round fired so he can attain a second-round hit.
• Load the grenade launcher quickly in all firing positions and while running.
• Be prepared to assume the duties of the automatic weapons gunner and the team leader.
• Understand the mission two levels up (squad and platoon).
d. Automatic Rifleman (AR) - The AR’s primary weapon is currently the 5.56-mm M249 machine gun. The M249 provides the unit with a high volume of sustained suppressive and lethal fires for area targets. The automatic rifleman employs the M249 machine gun to suppress enemy Infantry and bunkers, destroy enemy automatic rifle and antitank teams, and enable the movement of other teams and squads. He is normally the senior Soldier of the fire team. The AR must—
• Be able to accomplish all of the tasks of the rifleman and the grenadier.
• Be prepared to assume the duties of the team leader and squad leader.
• Be able to engage groups of enemy personnel, thin-skinned vehicles, bunker doors or apertures, and suspected enemy locations with automatic fire. He provides suppressive fire on these targets so his teammates can close with and destroy the enemy.
• Be familiar with field expedient firing aids to enhance the effectiveness of his weapon (for example, aiming stakes).
• Be able to engage targets from the prone, kneeling, and standing positions with and without night observation devices. Also understands the mission two levels up (the squad and platoon).