For under $4 you can eliminate the hassle of opening 5-gallon food storage containers. The pictured Augason Farms Pail/Bucket Lid Opener is an item I should have purchased a long time ago. Add this item to your next Walmart.com order to save on shipping costs. This bucket opener allows quick-and-easy opening of food storage pails and buckets without lid damage.
Leaders must plan and rehearse fire control measures to best allocate direct fire resources to destroy the enemy without wasting ammunition or disclosing friendly positions. A key component of all mission rehearsals is the detailed discussion of the employment of fire control measures to ensure all team members understand directives that make certain the most effective fires are used to defeat enemy forces. Terrain model rehearsals (see earlier post) are the most effective means for individuals to visualize the execution of fire control measures. The following narrative from FM 3-21.8 The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad (Mar'07) highlights key Leader Responsibilities that must be observed when conducting direct fire planning.
1. Leader Responsibilities - The Infantry platoon or squad leader communicates to his subordinates "the manner, method, time to initiate, shift, mass fires, and when to disengage by using direct fire control measures." The leader should control his unit’s fires so he can direct the engagement of enemy systems to gain the greatest effect. The commander uses the factors of METT-TC (Mission, Enemy, Terrain and Weather, Troops Available, Time Available, and Civil Considerations), and reconnaissance to determine the most advantageous way to use direct fire control measures to mass the effects on the enemy and reduce fratricide from direct fire systems. He must understand the characteristics of weapon systems and available munitions (such as the danger to unprotected Soldiers when tanks fire, discarding sabot ammunition over Soldiers’ heads or near them). The primary graphic direct fire control measures are—
• Unit Boundary.
• Target Reference Point (TRP).
• Sector of Fire.
• Engagement Area (EA).
Other direct fire control measures include—
• Trigger Line.
• Maximum Engagement Line (MEL).
• Final Protective Line (FPL).
• Principle Direction of Fire (PDF).
• Priority Targets.
The noise and confusion of battle may limit the use of some of these methods. Therefore, the leader must select a method or combination of methods that will accomplish the mission. The leader should arrange to have a primary and secondary signaling method. The method may be positive (hands on) or procedural (prearranged). There are three types:
(1) Audio (Radio, Whistle, Personal Contact).
(2) Visual (Hand-and-Arm Signals, Pyrotechnics).
(3) Written (OPORD, Range Card, Sector Sketch).
2. Fire Control Process - To bring direct fires against an enemy force successfully, leaders must continuously apply the four steps of the fire control process. At the heart of this process are two critical actions intended to achieve decisive effects on the enemy: rapid, accurate target acquisition, and the massing of fires Target acquisition is the detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit the effective employment of the platoon’s weapons. Massing of fires focuses direct fires at critical points, then distributes the fires for optimum effect. The four steps of the fire control process follow.
(1) Identify probable enemy locations and determine the enemy scheme of maneuver.
(2) Determine where and how to mass (focus and distribute) direct fires’ effects.
(3) Orient forces to speed target acquisition.
(4) Shift direct fires to refocus or redistribute their effects.
If concealed carry is not an option where you live, consider carrying retractable batons for self defense. I recently received the following 21 inch baton from Amazon.com for $16. For the price this is a well made baton that is heavy enough to deliver the power needed to defeat attackers. Retractable self defense weapons are a great way to establish standoff by delivering targeted blows at a distance. I also included a link to a self defense key chain as an alternative for those looking for a lighter defensive weapon.
This is a follow-up to the earlier Salt discussion post. Yesterday, I received six cans of Augason Farms Iodized Salt, 104oz from Walmart.com. For those looking for a way to easily transport heavy food items to your home without going to the store, this is definitely a convenient way to go. I received the six cans weighing a combined 39 pounds delivered to my door without the hassle of going to the store. Adding additional items to my order allowed me to receive free shipping for orders over $50. When purchasing storage food cans from Walmart.com I recommend ordering items in increments of 6 cans to completely fill the shipping boxes. By filling the box completely, movement during shipment is decreased resulting in less shipping damage/dents to the metal food cans.
One of the most difficult tasks a leader faces in a tactical environment is the ability to allocate direct fire resources to destroy the enemy without wasting ammunition or disclosing friendly positions. A key component of all mission rehearsals is the detailed discussion of the employment of fire control measures to ensure all team members understand directives to make certain the most effective fires are used against the enemy. Terrain model rehearsals (see earlier post) are the most effective means for individuals to visualize the execution of fire control measures. The following narrative for "Threat-Based Fire Control Measures" is from FM 3-21.8 The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad (Mar'07). Leaders use threat-based fire control measures to focus and control fires by directing the unit to engage a specific, templated enemy element rather than fire on a point or area. Threat-based fire control measures may be difficult to employ against an asymmetric threat. The following paragraphs describe the threat-based fire associated with this type of control measure.
1. Fire Patterns - Fire patterns are a threat-based measure designed to distribute the fires of a unit simultaneously among multiple, similar targets. Platoons most often use them to distribute fires across an enemy formation. Leaders designate and adjust fire patterns based on terrain and the anticipated enemy formation. The basic fire patterns are Frontal Fire, Cross Fire, and Depth Fire (Figure 2-8).
a. Frontal Fire - Leaders may initiate frontal fire when targets are arrayed in front of the unit in a lateral configuration. Weapons systems engage targets to their respective fronts. For example, the left flank weapon engages the left-most target; the right flank weapon engages the right-most target. As they destroy enemy targets, weapons shift fires toward the center of the enemy formation and from near to far.
b. Cross Fire - Leaders initiate cross fire when targets are arrayed laterally across the unit’s front in a manner that permits diagonal fires at the enemy’s flank, or when obstructions prevent unit weapons from firing frontally. Right flank weapons engage the left-most targets; left flank weapons engage the right-most targets. Firing diagonally across an EA provides more flank shots, increasing the chance of kills. It also reduces the possibility that friendly elements will be detected if the enemy continues to move forward. As they destroy enemy targets, weapons shift fires toward the center of the enemy formation.
c. Depth Fire - Leaders initiate depth fire when targets are dispersed in depth perpendicular to the unit. Center weapons engage the closest targets; flank weapons engage deeper targets. As they destroy targets, weapons shift fires toward the center of the enemy formation.
2. Engagement Priority - In concert with his concept of the operation, the company commander determines which target types provide the greatest payoff or present the greatest threat to his force. He then establishes these as a unit engagement priority. The platoon leader refines these priorities within his unit. Engagement priority specifies the order in which the unit engages enemy systems or functions. Engagement priorities are situational dependent. Subordinate elements can have different engagement priorities. For example, the leader establishes his engagement priorities so his medium machine guns engage enemy unarmored vehicles while his Shoulder-Launched Munitions (SLM) and Close Combat Missile System (CCMS) engage enemy tanks. Normally, units engage the most dangerous targets first, followed by targets in depth.
3. Weapons-Ready Posture - To determine the weapons-ready posture, leaders use their estimate of the situation to specify the ammunition and range for the engagement. Range selection is dependent on the anticipated engagement range. Terrain, visibility, weather, and light conditions affect range selection.
• Within the platoon, weapons-ready posture affects the types and quantities of ammunition carried by the rifle and weapons squads.
• For Infantry squads, weapons-ready posture is the selected ammunition and indexed range for individual and crew-served weapons. For example, an M203 grenadier whose likely engagement is to cover dead space at 200 meters from his position might load HEDP rounds. He will also set 200 meters on his quadrant sight for distance to the dead space. To prepare for an engagement in a wooded area where engagement ranges are extremely short, antiarmor specialists may be armed with SLM instead of CCMS.
4. Weapons Control Status - The three levels of weapons control status outline the conditions, based on target identification criteria, under which friendly elements may engage. The platoon leader sets and adjusts the weapons control status based on friendly and enemy disposition, and the clarity of the situation. In general, the higher the probability of fratricide, the more restrictive the weapons control status. The three levels are--
• Weapons Hold. Engage only if engaged or ordered to engage.
• Weapons Tight. Engage only targets that are positively identified as enemy.
• Weapons Free. Engage any targets that are not positively identified as friendly.
As an example, the platoon leader may establish the weapons control status as weapons hold when other friendly forces are passing friendly lines. Or the platoon leader may be able to set a weapons free status when he knows there are no friendly elements in the vicinity of the engagement. This permits his elements to engage targets at extended ranges even though it is difficult to distinguish targets accurately at ranges beyond 2,000 meters under battlefield conditions. The platoon leader may change the weapons control status for his elements based on situational updates. Weapons control status is extremely important for forces using combat identification systems. Establishing the weapons control status as weapons free permits leaders to engage an unknown target when they fail to get a friendly response.
5. Trigger - Triggers are an event or time-oriented criteria used to initiate planned actions to achieve surprise and inflict maximum destruction on the enemy. A designated point or points (selected along identifiable terrain) in an engagement area used to mass fires at a predetermined range (FM 1-02). Triggers can be a physical point on the ground (trigger line), a laser or lazed spot, or an action or event that causes friendly forces to do something. When using triggers to control fires, leaders ensure they have allocated them to start, shift, and cease fires. Leaders use triggers within the context of the Rules of Engagement (ROE) and the weapons control status. For example, a leader might say, WAIT UNTIL ENEMY SOLDIERS CROSS PL BLUE BEFORE ENGAGING. A trigger line is a phase line used to mass fires at a predetermined range. The trigger line can be used when attacking or defending. In the offense, the trigger line is preferably perpendicular to the friendly axis of advance and is used to initiate or cease fires when reached by the unit. If defending, the leader initiates fire as the enemy reaches the trigger line.
6. Weapons Safety Posture - The weapons safety posture is an ammunition-handling command that allows leaders to control the safety status of their weapons. Soldier adherence to and leader supervision of the weapons safety posture prevents accidental discharge of weapons. Examples include:
• Handling live ammunition and weapons in peace time training in the same safe way during combat.
• Finger off the trigger and weapon on safe.
• Hand grenades attached correctly to the ammo pouches.
• Safety zones and back blast areas enforced.
• Strict enforcement of unit weapons and ammunition-handling SOPs at all times.
“And what a prize we have to fight for: no less than the chance to banish from our land the dark divisive clouds of Marxist socialism.”
Ensure your bugout bags and tactical rigs include "Camouflage Face Paint" to cover exposed skin that can reveal your position when concealment is a must. Midway USA is offering the following camouflage stick for $1.59, 5ive Star Gear Mil-Spec Camouflage Face Paint Stick which mirrors the military's standard camouflage colors "Loam and Green." Exposed skin reflects light and may draw the attention of others. Even very dark skin, because of its natural oil, will reflect light. When applying camouflage to your skin, work with a buddy (in pairs) and help each other. If you need to apply the camouflage to yourself use your signal or shaving mirror to make certain all exposed skin areas are covered. Apply a two-color combination of camouflage pigment in an irregular pattern. Paint shiny areas (forehead, cheekbones, nose, ears, and chin) with a dark color. Paint shadow areas (around the eyes, under the nose, and under the chin) with a light color. In addition to the face, paint the exposed skin on the back of the neck, arms, and hands. Palms of hands are not normally camouflaged if arm-and-hand signals are to be used. Remove all jewelry to further reduce shine or reflection. When camouflage sticks/compacts are not issued, use burnt cork, bark, charcoal, lamp black, or light-colored mud. Do not apply camouflage paint if there is a chance of frostbite. Include group camouflage procedures as part of your SOP and conduct training on proper application. Prior to any mission, during rehearsals/final inspections leaders must make sure camouflage is applied correctly.
Palmetto State Armory is offering Federal 9mm 115gr FMJ 100rd Box for only $23.99 with free shipping. PSA's free shipping ends today. There is no limit on how many boxes you can purchase, so stock up before this great deal is gone. When available my local Walmart carries this ammo for $26.57, and limits purchases to only three boxes per customer per day. At this price, it really makes trips to the range a lot easier on the wallet. In addition to cost, the small packaging size makes this an idea storage ammo.
Ensure your long term food storage plan includes a large supply of salt which is a key food seasoning, meat preservation and is essential to the health of humans. Salt and other seasoning items packaged for a 25 year storage life can be purchased at Walmart.com at the following link, Augason Farms Iodized Salt, 104oz. I recommend individuals consolidate purchases to achieve the free shipping offer for orders over $50. I also recommend purchasing items in increments of 6 cans to completely fill the shipping box, limiting the potential for dented cans. As a final comment it is very convenient to have heavy items, such as salt, shipped directly to your house when buying in bulk.
"Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend; and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack."